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Political and Institutional Economics

  • Enseignant(s):  
  • Titre en français: Economie politique et institutionnelle
  • Cours donné en: anglais
  • Crédits ECTS:
  • Horaire: Semestre de printemps 2019-2020, 4.0h. de cours (moyenne hebdomadaire)
  •  séances
  • site web du cours site web du cours
  • Formations concernées:
    Maîtrise universitaire ès Sciences en économie politique

    Maîtrise universitaire en Droit et économie

 

Objectifs

This course provides a graduate-level introduction to political economy, with a focus on the functioning of institutions and their impact on development and politics.

The course is divided in two parts. Part I covers topics in democratic politics such as voting, electoral competition, electoral control and accountability. Part II deals with institutional change and conflicts. Both theories and empirical works will be covered. By the end of the course, students will have an understanding of how institutions, power and economic outcomes interact with each other, and will be familiar with frontier research in this area.

The questions discussed in this course constitute an increasingly important subfield of economics. Both recent theoretical advances and cutting-edge empirical approaches will be covered. The objective of the course is to provide students with adequate technical background and knowledge of existing literature to critically think about the link between development, institutions and politics, as well as to foster the applied econometrics and oral presentation skills of the students.

Contenus

This course covers the following topics:

Part I: Democratic politics

Lecture 1 - From social choice to political economy

Why do we need a state? – Collective choice and preferences aggregation

Lecture 2 – Political competition and electoral control

Modelling political competition – Endogenous politicians – Electoral control – Voters’ information

Lecture 3 – Inside the state

Corruption – Bureaucracy and the revolving door – Monitoring of officials – Political connections

Part II: Institutional change and conflict

Lecture 4 – Determinants and effects of institutions

Institution building – State capacity – Institutions and development – Path dependency

Lecture 5 – Causes and consequences of conflicts

War inefficiency puzzle – Modelling conflicts - Ethnic conflicts - State capacity and conflicts – Natural resources

Références

The main handbooks that serve as references of this course are given below. The exhaustive list of references is available from the Moodle page of this course.

  • Persson, Torsten, and Guido Tabellini, 2002, “Political Economics: Explaining Economic Policy,” MIT Press
  • Acemoglu, Daron and James A. Robinson, 2006, “Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy,” Cambridge University Press
  • Besley, Timothy, 2006, “Principled Agents? The Political Economy of Good Government,” Oxford University Press
  • Besley, Timothy, and Torsten Persson, 2011, “Pillars of Prosperity,” Princeton University Press
  • North, Douglass, 1990, "Institutions, Institutional Change and Economics Performance,” Cambridge University Press

Pré-requis

The course is open to all students of the Master in Economics, and to other interested students who have basic mathematical knowledge (e.g. doing maximization under constraint).

Evaluation

1ère tentative

Examen:
Ecrit 2h00 heures
Documentation:
Autorisée
Calculatrice:
Autorisée
Evaluation:

The final grade is made of:

  • An oral presentation that will take place during lectures (30% of the final grade);
  • A final written exam (70% of the final grade).

Rules of the final exam for the normal session (session ordinaire):

  • An oral presentation that will take place during lectures (30% of the final grade);
  • A final take-home written exam (70% of the final grade).
  • Durée : 2h00, Documentation: Autorisée, Calculatrice: Autorisée
  • The final exam contains both multiple-choice questions and longer questions.

Rattrapage

Examen:
Ecrit 2h00 heures
Documentation:
Autorisée
Calculatrice:
Autorisée
Evaluation:

Rules of the final exam for the catch-up session (session de rattrapage):

  • An oral presentation that will take place during lectures (30% of the final grade);
  • A final written exam (70% of the final grade).
  • Durée : 2h00, Documentation: Non-autorisée, Calculatrice: Autorisée avec restrictions
  • The final exam contains both multiple-choice questions and longer questions.


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