Aller à : contenu haut bas recherche
 
 
EN     FR
Vous êtes ici:   UNIL > HEC Inst. > HEC App. > SYLLABUS
 
 

Taxation of Multinational Enterprises and Transfer Pricing Policy

  • Enseignant(s):   V.Chand  
  • Titre en français: Fiscalité des entreprises multinationales et politique de transfert de prix
  • Cours donné en: anglais
  • Crédits ECTS: 6 crédits
  • Horaire: Semestre d'automne 2020-2021, 4.0h. de cours (moyenne hebdomadaire)
  •  séances
  • site web du cours site web du cours
  • Formation concernée: Maîtrise universitaire en Droit et économie

 

Objectifs

The course discusses the various profit allocation approaches that States can choose from a tax policy perspective to tax a Multinational Group (MNE) that operates with separate entities or branches (permanent establishments) throughout the globe. The course is divided into three parts.

The first part of the course starts by providing an overview of the various structures through which a Multinational Enterprise (MNE) organises itself, that is, horizontal vs. vertical structures as well as centralized vs decentralized business structures. Thereafter, the various approaches that could be deployed to allocate profits / losses to such MNEs, in particular, the arm's length and formulary approaches will be discussed.

The second part of the course, which is core of the course, provides a holistic overview of the arm's length principle i.e. Transfer Pricing Rules, especially, the operation of such rules in the Post BEPS world. We will start by discussing various business models, in particular, how "value" is created within them. Then we will discuss the application of the arm's length principle to selected intra group transactions within MNEs such as transactions dealing with goods, services, intangibles, financing, business restructurings and profit allocation to PEs. In this context, we will focus on accurately delineating the transaction as well as applying the transfer pricing methods to the controlled transaction. Furthermore, this part will also discuss tax planning using the arm's length principle. To conclude this part, presentations will be made by in house tax experts (from leading multinationals) on international tax planning structures adopted by them in their respective industries.

Finally, the third part of the course will discuss the future of the arm's length principle from a policy perspective, especially, in light of digitalization of the economy. Should these rules be abandoned in favour of multi factor formulary apportionment or should we alter them by introducing formulary approaches or by moving to a hybrid profit allocation system? This part of the course will be structured in a debate format.

The course follows a case study approach and will discuss several transfer pricing issues and policy solutions with practical illustrations. Moreover, case law from around the Globe and Switzerland will also be discussed.

Contenus

Participants following the course will learn the following topics relevant to taxation of MNEs from an international and comparative tax policy perspective: types of formulary apportionment (multi factor or single factor), application of the arm's length principle, functional analysis, value chain, value network & value shop analysis, transfer pricing methods and comparability analysis, special consideration for intangibles, services & financing (through loans, guarantees, cash pooling and captive insurance), the use of cost contribution arrangements, business restructurings and supply chain management (principal structures), taxation of business activities (permanent establishments and related attribution requirements), state aid & transfer pricing rules, dispute prevention and resolution avenues, reduction of effective corporate tax rates and the future of the arm's length principle in the post BEPS and Digitalized world.

Références

Detailed course content with the suggested reading materials will be circulated to all participants who have registered for this course. The course material will also be uploaded on Moodle.

Pré-requis

Although this is not mandatory, participants should be familiar with the basic rules of a domestic tax system, in particular direct taxation of domestic companies, and the fundamentals of international tax rules. Ideally, the participant should have followed / should follow the courses of Prof Chand (International and European Tax law (fundamentals) - 6 ECTS - Printemps) as well as the courses of Prof Danon (Advanced issues in International and European Tax Law (3 ECTS) and International Tax Policy (3 ECTS) - Automne). The course also sets a solid foundation for the course on Digitalization and Taxation done by Prof Chand (3 ECTS - Printemps).

Moreover, the course follows a practise based approach and is highly interactive. Participants wishing to register for this course should send in a motivation email (five lines maximum) to vikram.chand@unil.ch with a cc to camille.vilaseca@unil.ch

Evaluation

1ère tentative

Examen:
Ecrit 2h00 heures
Documentation:
Autorisée
Calculatrice:
Autorisée
Evaluation:

Participants will be evaluated by means of a two-hour written exam (if the exam is conducted on the premises of UNIL). The exam will consist of MCQs and case studies. The use of a calculator is permitted. Sample questions will be uploaded to MyUnil. In addition, one session of the course will be devoted to answering questions related to the exams.

Rattrapage

Examen:
Ecrit 2h00 heures
Documentation:
Autorisée
Calculatrice:
Autorisée
Evaluation:

Participants will be evaluated by means of a two-hour written exam (if the exam is conducted on the premises of UNIL). The exam will consist of MCQs and case studies. The use of a calculator is permitted. Sample questions will be uploaded to MyUnil. In addition, one session of the course will be devoted to answering questions related to the exams.



[» page précédente]           [» liste des cours]
 
Recherche


Internef - CH-1015 Lausanne - Suisse  -   Tél. +41 21 692 33 00  -   Fax +41 21 692 33 05
Swiss University